Question: How do we reconcile between the statement of Allaah:
مَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا مِّن ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنثَىٰ وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَنُحْيِيَنَّهُ حَيَاةً طَيِّبَةً وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْرَهُم بِأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ
Whoever does righteousness, whether male or female, while he is a believer – We will surely cause him to live a good life, and We will surely give them their reward [in the Hereafter] according to the best of what they used to do.
And the hadeeth of the prophet صلي اللهُ عليه و سلم “The prophets are the ones who are tested with the toughest of calamities, and then the next best in piety, and then the next best in piety.”
And the hadeeth of the prophet صلي اللهُ عليه و سلم “People are tested according to the level of their Deen”. So how do we reconcile between the good life (mentioned in the ayah) and the calamities that a believer suffers in his life.
The Good life (AlHayaat AlTayyiba) is not as some people understand it to be, to be free of poverty, disease, worries, etc,
Rather good life (AlHayaat AlTayyiba), is when a person has a good and happy heart, reassured about the decree and predestination laid by Allaah. If some good befalls him, he thanks Allaah and that is good for him and if something bad afflicts him, he is patient, and it is good for bring. This is alHayaat alTayyibat – peace of mind.
As for abundance of wealth and good health, it could sometimes be a pain and misfortune for the person.
So therefore there is no contradiction between the ayah and the ahaadeeth mentioned by the questioner. For man might sometimes be tested with a great calamity, but his heart is reassured and pleased with the decree and predestination of Allaah and his heart is relaxed about it, the calamity does not leave any effect in him.
-Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih AlUthaymeen